Testicular Cancer - symptoms and self-examination

Testicular cancer is seldom talked about but is one of the most common cancers to affect younger men. Miss Christine Gan, our Consultant Urological Surgeon, describes what symptoms to be aware of and how to correctly perform a self-examination of your testicles.

Testicular cancer is seldom talked about, but is one of the most common cancers to affect younger men.  About 1 in 215 men are diagnosed with testicular cancer per year in the UK, with an average age at diagnosis of 33.

Testicular cancer is not clearly linked to any preventable risk factors. However, it is known to be more common in men with a history of undescended testicles (including those who have had surgery to bring the testicles down), men with a family history of testicular cancer in their close family members, or men with known fertility problems.

The good news is that testicular cancer is highly treatable, and more than 95% of men will survive for 5 years or more after their diagnosis. As with all cancers, early diagnosis is crucial to a good outcome. It is therefore a good idea to check your testicles every now and then. This will help you to familiarise yourself with how your testicles feel, and to notice any changes early.

The best time to examine your testicles is after a warm shower when the scrotum is most relaxed. Carefully examine each testicle separately, checking for any unusual lumps, any change in the firmness of the testicles, or if one of the testicles feel different from the other. Remember that overall, testicular cancer is a rare condition, so do not panic if you notice anything different, but certainly do not delay making an appointment with your GP to get yourself checked out.

For more information regarding our men’s health services at Pinehill Hospital, please contact our Private Patient Team on: 01462 427 227. 


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